The word Yoga was coined by Rishis long ago. Yoga comes from Sanskrit root “Yuj” meaning “to join” or “to Yoke”. Yoga is one of six system of Indian Philosophy. In many ways yoga has been defined; of course, there are too many definitions. But in its spiritual sense, it is an experiential process by which the human spirit is brought into near and conscious communion with the ultimate reality or merges with the divine spirit. For a common man’s understanding controlling the ever shattering mind is Yoga.

Maharshi Pathanjali defines Yoga as the cessation of Mind – ChittaVrittiNirodha. This is the definition of yoga, the best by Maharshi Pathanjali.

Many have tried to define yoga in varied way and some of them are Yoga is skill in action, Yoga is simple living with high thinking, Yoga is a process for merger of the subject with the object, Yoga is a process of mastering the internal and external forces, Yoga is the curative and preventive medicine from the ills of modern living, Yoga is merging of microcosmic individual with macro cosmic consciousness, so on and so forth.

At every step, yoga guides us to act but not to react. The Yoga is a kingly science and kingly secrets. One can know the divine glories and vision of the cosmic form. Yoga leads for right Action. It helps gaining wisdom through devotion. Through Yoga one can enjoy the values of renunciation of action. Yoga helps to achieve impossible eternal happiness through meditation and devotion. Yoga shows the path to the imperishable Brahman, It is a guide for liberation by renunciation.

Fearlessness, purity of heart, steadfastness in wisdom, alms-giving, control of the senses or self-restraint, sacrifice, study of one’s own scriptures, austerity, straightforwardness, non-injury, absence of anger, renunciation, peacefulness, absence of crookedness, compassion to living beings, non-greedy, non-covetousness, gentleness, modesty, absence of fickleness, vigour, forgiveness, fortitude, purity, absence of hatred, absence of pride are the divine properties a true Yogi possess as these are sure to liberate the soul.

On the other hand, hypocrisy, pride and arrogance, self-conceit, anger, harshness and ignorance, insatiable desires are devil properties and the yoga practitioner needs to shed them as they lead to unwanted bondage. When the bondage increases, lust and anger thrives and they strive to secure by unlawful means hoards of wealth for sensual enjoyments.

Those with bondage do not know what to do and what not to do. They will neither have purity of thought nor good conduct, nor is any truth found in them as they hold evil ideas through delusion and they work with impure resolves. They are in illusion and to them the universe itself is without truth.

Human beings, or for that matter all lives, are governed by three guans. They are Sattva (Purity), Rajas (Passion), and Tamas (Inertia). Of these Sattva which from its stainlessness is luminous and healthy, binds by attachment to happiness and by attachment to knowledge. Rajas guna’s nature is of passion. It is the source of thirst for life, objects and attachment. It binds fast. Tamas is born of ignorance and is the deluder of all embodied beings; it binds fast.

Sattva prevail overpowering Rajas and Tamas. Rajas prevail by overpowering Sattva and Tamas. When Tamas is predominant it overpowers Sattva and Rajas

The light of wisdom would shine at every sense organ of the body when the Sattva increases, while Rajas increases greed, ambitious activity, pride, jealous, restlessness, desire etc., engulf. Tamas induces darkness, inertness, heedlessness, and also delusion would operate when Tamas increases.

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